Saliva performs a number of important functions: it protects teeth, mucous membranes of the mouth and gums from mechanical damage, envelops and softens food to facilitate swallowing, stimulates the receptors of the tongue and much more. But if the cat is drooling so abundantly that the owner notices this process, there is clearly something wrong with the python. Increased salivation or drooling is almost always a sign of malaise, and the cause needs to be established as soon as possible.
Signs of excessive salivation: the chin, throat and coat on the wet, the cat constantly swallows saliva and rubs the muzzle on the furniture, often washing. Wool, especially long, in a few hours is lost in icicles. On the litter where the pet slept, wet spots are visible. As a rule, increased salivation is accompanied by other signs of ailment. Therefore, it is important to look at the pet, because the mere fact that the cat is drooling from the mouth will not help determine the cause of the ailment.
The most terrible diagnosis is rabies. You can not save a sick cat, it should be urgently quarantined, avoiding any contacts. In rabies, in addition to drooling, observed a sharp change in behavior (aggression or excessive affection), perverted appetite, convulsions, hydrophobia. But rabies is not the only virus in which a cat starts drooling. During an infection accompanied by fever, the pet consumes a lot of water, which provokes nausea. And nausea causes salivation.
Viral infection is suspected with the following symptoms: decreased appetite, apathy, weakness, fever, GI disorders, discharge from the eyes and nose, sneezing and coughing.
One of the most common reasons why a cat is drooling is poisoning. And it does not necessarily mean stale products, which at home the pet is unlikely to get (but on the street pick up some muck – easily). A cat can be poisoned by medicines, a remedy for fleas in case of improper use, household chemicals, chocolate, etc., food not intended for the stomach of a small predator.
When poisoning the cat is very drooling, vomiting and diarrhea, vomiting convulsions, increased thirst, weakness, increased temperature. In severe cases, fever, convulsions, paralysis develops, the pupils are dilated (poisoning with poisonous chemicals, mercury, etc.).
Gums and teeth
With age or because of poor care, the teeth wear out, and the gums become inflamed. Some problems of the oral cavity arise as a consequence of a latent chronic illness. If the cat starts drooling, cautiously chews, does not allow to touch the head, it may be pained by constant pain caused by caries, gingivitis or other ailment.
In addition, the cat could pierce the gum with a fish bone, a piece of food could get stuck between the teeth. Sometimes during the game, cats scratch the sky and the inside of their cheeks with sharp “toys” found behind the sofa. Often the increased salivation in the cat indicates discomfort in the oral cavity, so you should carefully, without rudeness and coercion, inspect the tongue, teeth, gums, palate and the inside of the cheeks for foreign bodies, scratches and microcracks, ulcers and inflammations.
Pharynx and digestive tract
An unhealthy bone can get stuck not only between the teeth, but also in the throat or somewhere on the way to the stomach. Irritating mucous, foreign object not only delivers discomfort, but causes pain. The cat often clears throat and tries to provoke a vomiting, in order to rid itself of the suffering, while drinking and sitting with a bow. As a consequence, the saliva flows from the cat from the mouth with a continuous stream until the pet dies or pushes the foreign object deeper (lumps of wool, by the way, cause drooling as much as the stuck bone).
Tumors of the intestine or stomach can also cause frequent vomiting and saliva. To diagnose a neoplasm by external signs will not work.
In the first place, they suspect a problem with the digestive tract. For example, the cat is drooling with exacerbation of gastritis, ulcers, colitis. Helminthes that settle in the intestine or stomach can also provoke excessive salivation. Slavery flows with various ailments that disrupt the function of the liver, spleen, gall bladder. Diabetes causes thirst, and excessive intake of water can lead to increased salivation. Sometimes the cat slobber from the mouth flow due to allergies.
The causeless, i.e. a non-dangerous increase in salivation – a very rare phenomenon. Noticing that the pet often swallows, clears throat, washed his wet chin and chest or continuously drools, immediately contact the veterinarian. Perhaps the reason for banal poisoning is stale sausage, borrowed from a trash can. But only the doctor will be able to determine why the cat is drooling. A correct timely diagnosis is half the treatment. Do not risk the health of the pet. Rivers of saliva, even if the cat feels fine is a bad sign.