What to do if after sterilization a cat has a lump on its belly? What is dangerous to the health of the animal.
Types of sterilization, the appearance of bumps on the stomach
Sterilization is a surgical operation that is aimed at extinction, prevention of sex hunting and reproductive functions in females. The operation is performed in the clinic, at home under general or combined anesthesia.
If the owners of fluffy pets follow all the instructions and recommendations of the veterinarian, provide proper care, the rehabilitation period takes an average of about 10-14 days, after which the cat is restored and gradually returns to normal life.
Sterilization of females is abdominal surgery (the classic method). The incision is carried out on the white line of the abdomen.
They also practice laparoscopy, in which they use special equipment (laparoscope) and a lateral incision. The latter option involves the dissection of the tissue from the side without damaging the muscle fibers (the muscles move apart along the course of the scalpel).
IMPORTANT! LAPARASCOPY IS THE MOST EASIENT TECHNIQUE, AFTER WHICH RARELY ARISES COMPLICATIONS DUE TO THE ABSENCE OF EXTERNAL SEAMS.
The most traumatic surgical intervention can be called a classic method of sterilization. After such an operation, the cat needs special care and attention. In addition, postoperative complications are not excluded.
After abdominal surgery, the cat may have a lump on the stomach, a cone-like growth. The swelling (soft, hard) is localized in the area of tissue dissection on the abdomen under the skin or under the suture. This can be caused not only by surgical intervention, but also by diseases of the internal organs, which have become aggravated after the procedure.
Causes of hard bumps under the seam after sterilization
Any effects on the body can have various effects. The reasons for the appearance of hard, soft swelling on the peritoneum in the area of the suture or under it have a different character and not all cones formed after sterilization are a danger to the health of the operated cat.
AFTER STERILIZATION, IF AN OPERATION IS PERFORMED UNDER ALL THE RULES, NO FORMATION AND SEALS SHOULD NOT BE. Slight swelling is permitted only in the first day after the classic sterilization procedure.
If you notice that after sterilization, the cat has a hard swelling, a lump on the abdomen, a similar phenomenon may be caused:
- Infection wounds.
- Prolaped hernia.
- Postoperative edema. Such a condition is not a pathology. Puffiness will come down completely within 10-17 days.
- Growth of granulation tissue. These cones have a dense texture, do not cause discomfort and pain, and as a rule, after a while they pass on their own.
A solid lump, tumor on the cat’s tummy after the operation can also occur in case of improper care of the operated animal or inept suturing, violation of the technique of applying surgical material, if the veterinarian has low qualifications or not enough experience.
Some medicines used by owners to treat the postoperative zone can cause an allergic reaction, acute inflammation, and swelling of tissues.
NOTICE THAT A POSTOPERATIVE NUMBER IS LOCALED ALWAYS IN THE AREA OF OPERATIONAL INTERVENTION.
The reasons for the appearance of cones on the seam
On the stomach initially appear small hard bumps, sores on the skin, pustules. The skin in the lesions is hot to the touch, hyperemic. Such a complication can provoke improper care, or if the cat after the operation constantly licked, gnawed the stitches, was overly active.
In some situations, the appearance of a lumpy growth on the cat’s tummy may be caused by:
- mastitis, inflammation of the breast;
- polycystic kidney disease;
- dermatological diseases (folliculitis, abscesses, phlegmon, carbunculosis);
- gynecological diseases;
- reaction to the injection.
Often the bump on the abdomen is a benign or malignant tumor. As a rule, animals are marked with lipomas (a soft, mobile, oval, round tumor formed by fat cells), epithelial skin tumors, and breast cancer.
Regardless of the type of neoplasm, they are all characterized by slow growth and gradual development. Have a certain density, clear boundaries.
IMPORTANT! IN DISTINCTION FROM A POSTOPERATIVE HERNIA WHICH IS DECLARING IN THE FIRST DAYS OR IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE OPERATION, CANCER EDUCATION CAN NOT ALERT THE PET OF A LONGER PERIOD OF TIME.
To distinguish a tumor from postoperative edema, a number of diagnostic and laboratory tests are required.
What to do if there is a lump on the belly
Help for an animal may be necessary in case of a hernia falling out, with suture suppuration, infection of a wound.
When a postoperative hernia is formed, if there is no pinching, the problem is solved by repeated suturing or reposition of the hernial protrusion. If the process is running, surgery may be required.
If the tumor is malignant, benign in nature, the veterinarian, after testing, decides on the choice of treatment. The animal is prescribed maintenance therapy or surgery.
In any case, the choice of medical methods for the appearance of a lump on the abdomen, above or below the suture depends on the root cause, the general condition of the cat, and the results of diagnosis.
DO NOT WORK IN SELF-TREATMENT TO DON’T HARM THE CAT. ALL TREATMENT SHOULD ASSIGN A VETERINAR.
Preventing the formation of cones under the skin
To avoid wound infection, put on a protective blanket or collar as soon as the cat moves away from anesthesia. Protective accessories can be made independently or purchased at the clinic. It is very important that the pathogenic flora does not get into the wound, and acute inflammation does not develop.
Make sure that for the first two days the cat does not jump from a height, does not show excessive activity. Departing from anesthesia, the reflexes are dulled, the body is weakened, the behavior is unpredictable. Therefore, do not leave the pet without control.
As soon as the cat shows interest in food, feed it in small portions. Food should be nutritious, easily digestible. You can give a special feed intended for feeding in the postoperative period or formulations for sterilized, neutered animals.
Proper prevention, systematic proper care will help the cat to normalize faster after sterilization. If there are no complications, you follow all the recommendations of the veterinarian, the rehabilitation period will take no more than five weeks.