Quiet tenderness, feeling at home, pleasant communication and spiritual unity – all that you can find in Persian cats. These cats seem to be created for life with a modern person – always rushing, a bit fussy, and enjoying the moments of absolute tranquility very rarely. Look at these cats and you can easily imagine them thinking: “Just sit down, I'll put my head on your knees and all the anxiety fades away. Pat my wonderful coat and all your fatigue disappears. Look into my smart eyes – I understand everything, there is no need to explain anything…”
Unfortunately, there is no reliable information about the origin of the only long-haired cat breed in the world. Probable ancestors of modern Persians were discovered in Iran already in the XVII century. Travelers smuggled these amazing animals to Italy and France. Persian kittens cost a lot of money and were really exclusive and could be compared to precious stones, spices or rare fabrics that could be found only overseas. Ancestors of modern Persian cats rested on the knees of Cardinal Richelieu, Louis V, Marie Antoinette and other monarchs.
Modern history of the breed began in Great Britain. Persians were shown at first cat exhibitions, the standards for this breed were developed and edited, the appearance of Persian cats greatly changed throughout the time. From their ancestors Persian cats got long hair and unflappable temperament and all the other characteristics are the result of breeders’ efforts gained for many years of work.
These large, stocky and muscular cats make the impression of confident, bold, but kind of reserved and remote animals. The head is large and rounded, with a broad forehead. The ears are small and rounded. Persians have short neck; their shoulders are strong and developed. The back is broad and the breast is rounded. The tail is relatively short, thick, with a rounded tip. Persian cats should be harmoniously built – large, rounded, powerful and fluffy from all the sides.
Their coat, so long, soft and very pleasant to the touch, provokes great admiration and respect to the owner who spared no effort to preserve this wealth of the coat. There are more than a hundred of variations of colors in Persian cats! It is important that the eye color matched the coat color of a spectacular Persian.
Famous muzzles of Persian cats, due to which the representatives of this breed are compared to Pekingese dogs or to charming piglets, may be of three types:
- Baby-face (traditional) type. Muzzle profile of a classic type resembles the profile of an ordinary cat, but is slightly shorter. The nose is located below the eyes; the transition from the forehead to the lobe is smooth. This type is considered to be the healthiest type of Persians;
- Peke-face type. The muzzle is flat and the nasal bridge is located approximately at the level of the lower eyelid. The eyes are wide open, the look is good-natured.
- Extreme (ultra-typing) Persians. The muzzle is strongly flattened or even “dented” into the head. Deformed jaw, forehead and nasolabial folds are very deep, so the cat always seems gloomy and unhappy. The nose is located almost between the eyes.
Charming Persian kittens, these little lumps of fur with fast legs, are curious and agile. Kids are affectionate to the owner, appreciate communication and cooperative games. Growing up, the kitten turns into a Persian monarch – reserved, proud of themselves and inaccessible. These cats are perfect for people who can’t spend a lot of time at home. Persians quietly tolerate loneliness, and in case in the evening the owner spends some minutes with them – these cats will gladly express their love and affection.
Persian cats aren’t too happy to be a toy for noisy annoying children, but they become aggressive only in extreme cases. If you explain to your child that the pet should be treated with respect, a Persian will be glad to take part in children’s games.
These cats don’t like any fuss around him, preferring to wait in a secluded place until guests go home. Persian cats have strong nervous system, they won’t fall into the stress because of loud noises or abundance of strange odors, but paying special attention to strangers is beneath their dignity.
Housing and care
Persian cat is majestic, eye-catching and awe-would only when the owner takes care for it. This breed is not for lazy owners, because Persians require daily care.
Running eyes should be cleaned every morning with a gauze pad soaked in warm boiled water. Lacrimal paths need to be removed with special cosmetics for cats. In order to prevent the coat of a Persian cat from matting, it should be brushed daily. It is necessary to bathe the cats of this breed once a month and to do it carefully using a good shampoo, high quality conditioners and balms.
Especially for people who are in awe of Persian doll faces, but don’t want to spend time on complex care of the rich coat, there is an Exotic Shorthair breed – a replica of Persian cats, but with a plush coat.
For such an unusual appeal Persian cats paid a high price. These animals are exposed to many genetic diseases that manifest themselves quite often. The asymmetry of the jaws, eye disease, breathing difficulties, and polycystic kidney disease – is not a complete list of what the owner may face after buying a kitten in a pet store nearby. Only competent breeders that have enough knowledge and experience are able to obtain offspring, free from hereditary diseases.